Since the 18th century the Meteorology developed in Spain in the context of the enlightenment, driven by other disciplines, like agrarian sciences, sea voyages, and medicine. The objective of this work is to show the development of Meteorology using a set of medical studies published in Andalusia during the period 1754-1852. The contributions by Nieto de Piña on Seville climate during the 1780s, Juan Manuel de Aréjula on Cádiz between the last years of the 18th century and 1803, and the Sociedad Médico-Quirúrgica of Cádiz during the period 1820-1824 are analyzed. Finally, in the Medical Topography of Málaga (1852), although maintaining the strong relationship between them, the conceptual and methodological differences between Meteorology and Medicine are recognized.
Keywords: Medicine, Meteorology, Climate, Andalusia, Medical topography, 1754-1852.