A study on the state of conservation of the Roman Necropolis of Carmona (Sevilla, Spain)

Año Publicación:  2018
Responsable: S. Sanchez-Moral et al.
Journal, Volumen y páginas:
Journal of Cultural Heritage, 34, 185–197


S. Sanchez-Moral, J. C. Cañaveras, D. Benavente, A. Fernandez-Cortes, S. Cuezva, et al.


The Roman Necropolis of Carmona (Sevilla, Spain) has experienced a severe deterioration since the accidental discovery in 1868 and subsequent archaeological excavations starting in 1882. To this deterioration contributed the location in a soft calcarenite rock quarry, the adverse environmental conditions and the numerous and extensive wrong archaeological and managing interventions along more than a century. The cultural, artistic and religious importance of this Necropolis converts the protection and conservation of this achaeological site in a major issue. This work present the data obtained in a multidisciplinary research were geology, geomorphology, micro-environmental and climatic monitoring, rock petrophysical characterization, description of weathering forms and biological colonization were considered in order to propose corrective measures to minimize deterioration.

Keywords: Roman Necropolis, Weathering, Deterioration, Biological colonization, Calcarenite, Mortars, Stuccos

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