Fernando Gázquez Sánchez

Investigador Postdoctoral - Recursos Hídricos y Geología Ambiental

Fernando Gázquez Sánchez

Estudié Ciencias Ambientales en la Universidad de Almería y soy Doctor en Ciencias Ambientales por la Universidad de Almería. He sido becario FPU (2008-2012) en la Universidad de Almería y contratado postdoctoral en las universidades de Valladolid (2013-2014), Cambridge (Reino Unido, 2014-2017), St. Andrews (Reino Unido, 2017-2018) y contratado Hipatia en la Universidad de Almería (2018-2020). Desde 2020 soy contratado Ramón y Cajal del Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación. Imparto docencia en los grados de Ciencias Ambientales, Química e Ingeniería Agrícola, además de en los masters de Usos Sostenibles de Recursos Naturales y Servicios Ecosistémicos y de Profesorado.


Mi investigación se centra en el estudio de minerales de cuevas y lagos para reconstruir el clima del pasado. Para ello, uso herramientas geoquímicas, como los isótopos estables de oxígeno e hidrógeno. También participo en estudios sobre cuevas como análogos marcianos y formo parte del equipo de investigadores que estudian los procesos de formación de la Geoda Gigante de Pulpí.

GRUPO DE INVESTIGACIÓN: Recursos hídricos y Geología Ambiental (RNM-189)


  • Paleoclimatología
  • Lagos
  • Cuevas
  • Isótopos estables
  • Yeso


Topical Cave Planetary Team de la Agencia Espacial Europea


Proyecto de excelencia PALEOQUANT de la Junta de Andalucía (https://sites.google.com/view/paleoquant-site/home)


Late Quaternary climate change in Australia's arid interior: Evidence from Kati Thanda – Lake Eyre Mountain permafrost in the Central Pyrenees: insights from the Devaux ice cave Climatic control on the Holocene hydrology of a playa-lake system in the western Mediterranean Holocene paleoenvironmental evolution of a playa-lake system in southwestern Iberia (western Mediterranean region) Late Holocene climatic variability in Southern Spain deduced from the sedimentary record of Laguna Grande de Archidona The Absolute Age and Origin of the Giant Gypsum Geode of Pulpí (Almería, SE Spain) The role of cave ventilation in the triple oxygen and hydrogen isotope composition of condensation waters in Altamira Cave, northern Spain Organic geochemistry and mineralogy suggest anthropogenic impact in speleothem chemistry from volcanic show caves of the Galapagos Abrupt lowstands of Laguna de Zoñar (southern Spain) during the Iberian Roman Humid Period recorded by stable isotopes of gypsum hydration water Squandering water in drylands: The water use strategy of the phreatophyte Ziziphus lotus in a groundwater dependent ecosystem NAO control on the hydrology of Laguna Grande de Archidona (southern Spain) during the Iberian Roman Humid Period recorded by stable isotopes (δ18O and δD) of gypsum hydration water  Hypogenic speleogenesis, late stage epigenic overprinting and condensation-corrosion in a complex cave system in relation to landscape evolution (Toirano, Liguria, Italy) Underlying Climate Controls in Triple Oxygen (16O, 17O, 18O) and Hydrogen (1H, 2H) Isotopes Composition of Rainfall (Central Pyrenees) Archaeological and environmental cave records in the Gobi-Altai
Mountains, Mongolia
Bubble trail and folia in cenote Zapote, México: Petrographic evidence for abiotic precipitation driven by CO2 degassing below the water table Colored microbial coatings in show caves from the galapagos islands (Ecuador): First microbiological approach The potential of gypsum speleothems for paleoclimatology: application to the iberian Roman Humid period Pacific climate reflected in Waipuna Cave drip water hydrochemistry Equipos para la medición de la calidad del aire y el clima en cavidades para espeleólogos Resultados preliminares de la monitorización termo-gaseosa en Cueva del Agua, Cartagena A long record of MIS 7 and MIS 5 climate and environment from a western Mediterranean speleothem (SW Sardinia, Italy) Insights into the speleogenesis of Ejulve cave (Iberian Range, NE Spain): quaternary hydrothermal arstification? Physical weathering of carbonate host-rock by precipitation of soluble salts in caves: A case study in El Orón-Arco Cave (Region of Murcia, SE Spain) Natural Analogue Constraints on Europa's Non‐ice Surface Material Online Differential Thermal Isotope Analysis of Hydration Water in Minerals by Cavity Ringdown Laser Spectroscopy Prediction of Equilibrium Isotopic Fractionation of the Gypsum/Bassanite/Water System using First-Principles Calculations Ballasting by cryogenic gypsum enhances carbon export in a Phaeocystis under-ice bloom Quantification of drought during the collapse of the classic Maya civilization Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity Quantification of paleo-aquifer changes using clumped isotopes in subaqueous carbonate speleothems Coupled Mg/Ca and clumped isotope analyses of foraminifera provide consistent water temperatures Intensified summer monsoon and the urbanization of Indus Civilization in northwest India Triple oxygen and hydrogen isotopes of gypsum hydration water for quantitative paleo-humidity reconstruction Precise and accurate isotope fractionation factors (α17O, α18O and αD) for water and CaSO4·2H2O (gypsum) Gypsum speleogenesis: A hydrogeological classification of gypsum caves Using stable isotopes (δ17O, δ18O and δD) of gypsum hydration water to ascertain the role of water condensation in the formation of subaerial gypsum speleothems Isotopic and hydrochemistry spatial variation of sulfate for groundwater characterization in karstic aquifers Bat urea-derived minerals in arid environment. First identification of allantoin, C4H6N4O3, in Kahf Kharrat Najem Cave, United Arab Emirates In situ Raman characterization of minerals and degradation processes in a variety of cultural and geological heritage sites Spatiotemporal distribution of δ13CCO2 in a shallow cave and its potential use as indicator of anthropic pressure Isotopic analysis of sulfur cycling and gypsum vein formation in a natural CO2 reservoir The Caves of Naica: A decade of research Flash flood events recorded by air temperature changes in caves: A case study in Covadura Cave (SE Spain) De dónde viene el agua del Manantial de Los Molinos? Calculating the maximum visitability in tourist caves by CAVIX method: El Soplao (Cantabria, Spain) Linking groundwater pollution to the decay of 15th-century sculptures in Burgos Cathedral (northern Spain) Coupled measurements of δ18O and δD of hydration water and salinity of fluid inclusions in gypsum from the Messinian Yesares Member, Sorbas Basin (SE Spain) Simultaneous analysis of 17O/16O, 18O/16O and 2H/1H of gypsum hydration water by cavity ring-down laser spectroscopy Hypogene Sulfuric Acid Speleogenesis and rare sulfate minerals in Baume Galinière Cave (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France). Record of uplift, correlative cover retreat and valley dissection The role of condensation in the evolution of dissolutional forms in gypsum caves: Study case in the karst of Sorbas (SE Spain) Spectroscopic Raman study of sulphate precipitation sequence in Rio Tinto mining district (SW Spain) Caracterización mineralógica y geoquímica de minerales hidratados de ambientes subterráneos: implicaciones para la exploración planetaria Paleoflood events recorded by speleothems in caves Corrosion of calcite crystals by metal-rich mud in caves: Study case in Crovassa Ricchi in Argento Cave (SW Sardinia, Italy). Isotope and trace element evolution of the Naica aquifer (Chihuahua, Mexico) over the past 60,000yr revealed by speleothems Origin of double-tower raft cones in hypogenic caves Boxwork and ferromanganese coatings in hypogenic caves: An example from Sima de la Higuera Cave (Murcia, SE Spain) Gypsum-carbonate speleothems from Cueva de las Espadas (Naica mine, Mexico): Mineralogy and palaeohydrogeological implications Organic matter of fossil origin in the amberine speleothems from El Soplao Cave (Cantabria, Northern Spain) Palaeoclimatic record from hypogenic gypsum speleothems of the Naica caves (Chihuahua, México) Relaciones isotópicas de estroncio (87Sr/86Sr) en espeleotemas yesíferos de las cuevas de Naica (Chihuahua, México): Implicaciones genéticas A geomorphological and speleological approach in the study of hydrogeology of gypsum karst of Sorbas (SE Spain) Black Mn-Fe crusts as markers of abrupt palaeoenvironmental changes in El Soplao Cave (Cantabria, Spain) Espeleotemas de yeso: ¿Un nuevo proxy paleoclimático? Gypsum speleothems: a new palaeoclimatic proxy?
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