Transformations of a wetland embedded in an Anthropocene landscape. The case of the Charcones de Entinas.
José Manuel López Martos.
The "Poniente Almeriense" region (SE Spain) can be considered a generator of space Anthropocene landscapes, highly densified by population and human activity such as land occupation major greenhouse crops, and there are important tourist centers in it. It is nestled in the Protected Natural Area, the Paraje Natural Punta Entinas Sabinar where the wetland "Charcones of Entinas" is under study. It aims to meet the changes in the last seventy years discern whether changes have been induced by human activities and know the impact on biodiversity. For this we have analyzed series of aerial photographs from 1945 to 2013, analyzed the components of the hydrological cycle, researched documents historical and recovered works projects and studies unpublished research associated with them, carried out continuous monitoring of water ́s levels, compared states vegetation coverage, the response of birds nesting and wintering. This research concludes that the wetland has undergone changes resulting from the increase in the water level, with implications for the structure of habitats, botanical composition thereof and the response of birds. These changes have been induced by human activity in surface drainage features, suspected of the relationship between the regression coastal infrastructure construction and change in hydrochemistry and influence in increasing the flooded area.
Keyworkds: Punta Entinas-Sabinar, wetland, transformation, effect, vegetation, bird