In this edition of the European Researchers' Night we bring you a new theme, which is about Nature-Based Solutions, apart from presenting different ecosystemic aspects of the habitats studied by our center, the CAESCG.
Evidence increasingly suggests that natural systems or processes can be used to minimize climate change and its effects on people and wildlife. The possibility of using nature in this way is gaining momentum through the concept of Nature-Based Solutions (NBS), which encompasses all actions or policies that rely on ecosystems and the benefits they provide to respond to various pressing societal challenges such as climate change, water security, food security or environmental disaster risk.
NBS is considered an innovative concept that includes a series of different approaches and methodologies that have in common the use of ecosystem functions as a means to solve the environmental problems faced by society. The importance of this concept is such that the design and research in NBS have been adopted by the European Commission as a strategy to move towards sustainability. The development of NBS involves protecting, restoring and sustainably managing ecosystems to increase their resilience and capacity to address these societal challenges, while safeguarding biodiversity, and represents a new option to complement conventional solutions of a purely technological nature.
For all these reasons we bring you examples of these BNS, those developed in the LIFE Adaptamed Project in the Arid Zones of the SE peninsular, such as the natural biological control that Ziziphus lotus (jujube tree) can offer due to its high biodiversity of atropofauna, and those currently being studied in Sierra Nevada such as the ancestral "acequias de careo" system.
We also tell you about the benefits provided by nature to society (ecosystem services) in the habitats of arid Mediterranean areas, specifically in the SE Iberian Peninsula, such as those provided by Ziziphus lotus or the soil of these ecosystems, we will also talk about the role played by the biodiversity of arthropods existing in the area and their functional groups, the contributions of rivers and their banks, or the roles played by terrestrial arthropods of the sulphur beetle or the invertebrates of the headwater rivers.
Finally, to learn even more about this environment, we leave you a brief description of the Climate Change Route that exists in the Cabo de Gata-Nijar Natural Park, where you will learn more about this information.